The above graphs show a performance comparison of DBToaster-generated query engines against a commercial database system (DBX), a commercial stream processor (SPY), and several naive query evaluation strategies implemented in DBToaster that do not involve the Higher-Order incremental view maintenance. (The commercial systems remain anonymous in accordance with the terms of their licensing agreements).
Performance is measured in terms of the rate at which each system can produce up-to-date (fresh) views of the query results. As you can see, DBToaster regularly outperforms the commercial systems by 3-4 orders of magnitude.
The graphs show the performance of each system on a set of realtime data-warehousing queries based on the TPC-H query benchmark (Q1-Q22,Q11a,Q17a,Q18a,Q22a,SSB4), six algorithmic trading queries (BSV, BSP, AXF, PSP, MST, VWAP), and two scientific queries (MDDB1 and MDDB2). These queries are all included as examples in the DBToaster distribution.
Depth-0 represents a naive query evaluation strategy where each refresh requires a full re-evaluation of the entire query. Depth-1 is a well known technique called Incremental View Maintenance. Naive recursive is a weaker form of the Higher-Order IVM (we discuss the distinctions in depth in our technical report). Each of these was implemented by a DBToaster-generated engine.